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Hong Kong...

was a British colony from 1842 to 1997. It has long been engaging in trading activities between China and the outside world during the 155 years of colonial rule.

Under the British rule, the city has grown from a small fishing village into an entrepôt. After WWII, it specialised in light industry and after China 'opened up' and developed industry using cheap labour, transformed itself into a regional financial hub.


Without consulting Hong Kongers, the British government signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration with the communist People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1984. The two countries agreed that Hong Kong was to be 'returned' to the PRC, which is a party-state and a dictatorship established in 1949. In 1997, Hong Kong became a 'Special Administrative Region' of PRC, enjoying 'highly autonomous' rules for fifty years and was guaranteed universal suffrage.


In 2019, Carrie Lam, the Chief Executive elected by 777 members of the election committee, proposed a contradiction agreement with China. After two million people peacefully protested, the government did not bow to citizens' requests but the police force brutally creak down on protestors who levelled up in response. 


Since late 2019, rumours about the outbreak of the Chinese Wuhan virus had been heard in China, but news about the virus was concealed by the Chinese Communist Party until January 2020. This has led to the spread of virus to Hong Kong and overseas, where people and governments were totally unprepared for the outbreak.

With complete distrust in the HKSAR government, the CCP and the WHO, Hong Kongers have implemented the tightest measures ever for self protection. Face masks are worn by nearly everyone to prevent the spread of virus to others, resulting in a low number of cases.

While the war against the deadly virus continues, please don't forget who our real enemy is.

Hong Kongers stand with the world. Please stand with us.

Bus service in Hong Kong

Hong Kong is famous for its high population density in Hong Kong. With a higher passenger base, the demand bus service is high, and thus bus services are operated more efficiently and economically than many other cities around the world.

After WWII, refugees fled to Hong Kong from China in fear of the communist regime. Together with the baby boom, the population in Hong Kong was significantly increased. To provide adequate accommodation, a few new towns were developed. At the same time, bus operators improved service by expanding their network, offering more frequent service and deploying larger vehicles, including tri-axle double-decker vehicles specially designed in response to the Hong Kong government's decision to import them.

Until 1980s, bus companies were only allowed to purchase vehicles produced in the commonwealth. Therefore, buses in Hong Kong look similar to those in the UK except for the longer length and the tropical windows which can be fully opened.


Since the 1980s, air-conditioned buses were trialled a few times by bus operators but the trials had never been proven successful. Introduced in 1988, the first air-conditioned double decker bus without a separate engine for the air conditioner is Leyland Olympian AL1. Following this success, China Motor Bus introduced its first air conditioned Dennis Condor in 1990, marking the beginning of the era of air-conditioned bus service.


In late 1990s, super low floor buses with facilities for wheelchair were introduced and were gradually replacing step-entrance buses. All non air-conditioned buses retired from franchised operation in 2012 and non-wheelchair accessible buses were phased out in 2016 (except for New Lantau Bus, due to constraints in their road network).

Due to the challenging operational environment (in terms of climate and long operation hours), Hong Kong has always been the centre of innovation of bus makers. For example, the first Enviro500 MMC was produced in 2012 for the Hong Kong market, nearly two years earlier than Enviro400 MMC, which appeared in mid 2014.


HKba is a member of the Federation of British Historical Vehicle Club.

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